Copyright Robert Cole 1998 - No copying or distributing -Note: Missing graphics
The Eight DO
TOKAIDO - The Eight Roads of KOTO
ISE  -  SENGO MURAMASA School      The BUN-GI Triad

MURAMASA                             Buddhist Spirit Name: MYODAI

 MURAMASA: This is the famous nemesis-smith of the TOKUGAWA.  
           It has been legend that he was student of MASAMUNE.  
           Many old books have dates that support this probable 
           fantasy. MASAMUNE and MURAMASA - God and his Lucifer.

ITAME with MASAME SHINOGI laminate. Deep clear blue. JI-NIE. Some
HIRO-SUGU, but repeating theme is GUNOME-MIDARE with HAKO-MIDARE.
HAKO GUNOME-TOGARI with valleys that roll, MIMIGATA-like NOTARE
-MIDARE and O-NOTARE TOGARI. KOSHIBA. Deep ASHI that reaches the
HA. KO-NIE on deep NIOI. YAKIBA is "Frosty" on dark blue HADA.
Headmasters
 MURMASA(1)
  MURAMASA(2)
   MASASHIGE(2)
  -TORIIZORI 
  -Elongated KISSAKI 
  -Raised SHINOGI 
  -MASAME in the SHINOGI-JI 
  -Well-knit, ITAME/MASAME run together 
  -GUNOME mounds separated by wide, lazy valleys where NIOI
        spills to the HA 
  -ARA-NIE appears sprinkled strongly across the HAMON 
  -HAMON on both sides to be uniform and similar 
  -High-reaching, Two and Three-grouped GUNOME mounds, drop 
        low to HOSO width line that shows a slight NOTARE roll
  -Bays or valleys disappear to a JIZO BOSHI
  -High rising mounds crest at different heights
        _________________     
        SEKI KANEHARU DEN                    From KUWANA to SENGO
        _________|____
        SENGO MURAMASA(1) O-NIN 1467 to BUN-GI 1501     
    _____________|_________________________ ____________________
___|____      ___|_____                ____|____                |
SUKEMASA      MURAMASA(2) TAI-EI 1521  MASASHIGE(1) BUN-GI 1501 |
BUN-MEI 1469     |_____________        ____|____                |
              ___|_____    ____|____   MASASHIGE(2)             |
              MURAMASA(3)  MURASHIGE     TEN-MON 1532           |
                 - TEN-MON 1532 -                               |
                          ______________________ _______________|
                      ___|____               ___|____
                      FUJIMASA EI-SHO 1504   MASAZANE BUN-GI 1501
                         |_________          ___|_____  
                      ___|____  ___|____     MASATOSHI
                      FUJIFUSA  SUKETADA     TEN-MON 1532
                       - TEN-MON 1532 -           
_______________                           _______
KUWANA MURAMASA BUN-GI 1501               MASAIYE TEN-MON 1532
__________|____                           ___|___
KUWANA MURAMASA TEN-SHO 1573              MASAIYE TEN-SHO 1573
               
                 _______________  ________________
                 KUWANA HIROMURA  KUWANA HIROCHIKA
                 (SENGO)  - TEN-MON 1532 -        
           _________  _________      _________________
           MUNESHIGE  HIROTSUGU      FUJIWARA MURAMASA
             - TEN-MON 1532 -             TEN-MON 1532

ISE SENGO MURAMASA School
 
MURAMASA(1) BUN-GI (f: AKASAKA KANEMURA, t: SEKI KANEHARU): 
SENGO Founder. UEMONnoJO. Spirit name: MYODAI. Work from O-NIN 1467 to BUN-GI 1501.
There is a theory that HEIANJO NAGAYOSHI was his student. This is debateable, but the strongest influence on sword styles at the time was MURAMASA, NAGAYOSHI and SHIMADA YOSHISUKE. These three, the BUN-GI Triad, stand together as a style-block competing for position and shaping the direction of style progress with these other MUROMACHI influences on the rising SENGOKU: 
BUNGI Triad
On Katateuchi
 Compare Muramasa Sugata
SENGOKU Influences
MUNEMITSU/KATSUMITSU
~The BUN-GI Triad~
and the SUE-BIZEN
- SENGO MURAMASA

- HEIANJO NAGAYOSHI

- SHIMADA YOSHISUKE
MURAMASA: Made 2.2 to 2.3 SHAKU SAKI-ZORI KATANA, 1.3 to 1.4 
        SHAKU HIRA-TSUKURI, SAKI-ZORI KO-WAKIZASHI and 9 SUN 
        TANTO. Even, shallow NIKU. ITAME with MINO influenced 
        MASA SHINOGI. JI-NIE. Very fine KO-NIE DEKI and NIOI 
        HITATSURA BA and NIOI-DEKI SUGU-KOSHIBA. He is famous 
        for his large mounding, NOTARE-like patterns. There are
        many variations to a similar theme. NOTARE-HAKO GUNOME 
        mix, HAKO-MIDARE. TOGARI MITSU-GUNOME "Three-grouped" 
        MIDARE BA. Wide, unevenly spaced valleys push against 
        large mounding, two and three grouped GUNOME. The valley
        floor should incline to a small NOTARE roll or 
        unevenness. NIOI may reach from the valleys for the HA.
        Profuse MURA KO-NIE and ARA-NIE sprinked like KAZUTATSU.
     MURAMASA: Pattern should be fairly equal on both sides of
        the blade. 
        MIDARE-KOMI BOSHI appears JIZO with long falling, 
        MIDARE-KAERI. 
MEI: The characters in the SHO-DAI signature have a certain 
        symmetry over NI-DAI and SAN-DAI. The poles of the MURA 
        are almost vertical and almost parallel, - and of almost
        even length. His MASA is more legible and does not 
        appear as fragmented as the later.  

Note: There are book-dates that have the 1st MURAMASA in TEI-JI.
     Another line has MURAMASA(1) in O-NIN, the 2nd in EI-SHO and
     the 3rd in TEN-MON.
    MEI: MURAMASA
         KUWANA JU MURAMASA
         UEMONnoJO MURAMASA SAKU
         SEISHU KUWANA JU MURAMASA

JUYO BIJUSTU HIN MURAMASA

MURAMASA KATANA
NAGASA: 70.9cm 
  SORI: 2.4cm 
NAKAGO: 14.5cm
SHINOGI-TSUKURI, IHORI-MUNE, SENGOKU SAKIZORI KATANA. OMOTE has 
SO-no-KURIKARA "Dragon" HORIMONO and URA has BONJI, below which 
MARU-DOME BO-HI falls through the NAKAGO.
SHIRAKE running ITAME HADA has JI-NIE.
Large rising NOTARE of ASHI and YO grouped GUNOME-MIDARE BA reach 
toward to SHINOGI. TOBI-YAKI gather here and there as JI-NIE swirls 
densely.
MIDARE-KOMI BOSHI is KUZURE.
UBU, one MEKUGI-ANA NAKAGO falls to his small HA-AGARI KURI-JIRI.
     KATANA-OMOTE:
               SEISHU KUWANA JU UEMON-no-JO FUJIWARA MURAMASA
     KATANA-URA: 
               BUN-GI GEN-NEN JU-GATSU HI

ISE SENGO MURAMASA School
MURAMASA(2) TAI-EI (f: MURAMASA): Work appears from EI-SHO 1504
        to TEN-MON 1532. Very much in the  style of the 1st. 
        ITAME with MASAME. HAKO-MIDARE where open valleys push 
        TOGARI-GUNOME. Valleys hold NOTARE and GUNOME-MIDARE 
        separate. 2nd: Grouped TOGARI and MITSU-GUNOME are 
        unevenly spaced - a mark. The MASA character of NI-DAI is
        stylistically more exaggerated. The right pole of the 
        MURA (the vertical stroke of the SUN radical) is longer
        and therefore higher than the left.
    MEI: MURAMASA
         SEISHU KUWANA FUJIWARA ASON MURAMASA SAKU
         SEISHU KUWANA GORI MASUDA-SHO FUJIWARA ASON MURAMASA
                                                            SAKU

MURAMASA(3) TEN-MON: ITAME HADA. NOTARE-GUNOME HAKO-MIDARE with
        valleys. O-NOTARE BA. His signature is quite different
        from forebears'. The MASA and MURA seem pointed - and 
        disjointed. Casual reference of published OSHIGATA will
        dispel any mysteries a piece might pose.



MASASHIGE(1) BUN-GI (father in law: MURAMASA): JI-NIE on running
        O-ITAME. MURA-NIE and NIOI NOTARE-GUNOME, HAKO-MIDARE 
        GUNOME mix with low valleys separating. School mark: Both
        sides have the same pattern, evenly laid. MIDARE-BOSHI 
        with TOGARI that crowds a JIZO head.
    MEI: MASASHIGE
         MASASHIGE SAKU

MASASHIGE(2) TEN-MON (f: MASASHIGE 1): Also in KAWACHI. Running 
        MASAME HADA with JI-NIE. HAKO-NOTARE-GUNOME mix with
        valleys. NIE-KUZURE on NIJUBA through GUNOME TOGARI that
        shows TOBI-YAKI. MIDARE-KOMI BOSHI has NIE-KUZURE at the
        head. The "right-shoulder" of MASA is strong.
    MEI: MASASHIGE
         MASASHIGE SAKU
         KAWACHI-no-KUNI IBATA-GORI DEGUCHI MASASHIGE SAKU

MURASHIGE TEN-MON (f: MURAMASA): From KYO-ROKU 1528 to EI-ROKU 
        1558. O-GUNOME with valleys, MURAMASA style.
    MEI: SEISHU JU SENGO MURASHIGE

ISE SENGO MURAMASA School
FUJIMASA EI-SHO (br: MURAMASA): There is a theory that this smith
        and MURAMASA are the same. Mostly MIDARE BA and HAKO-
        MIDARE with valleys in MURAMASA style.
    MEI: FUJIMASA
         KUWANA JU FUJIMASA
         SEISHU-TSU FUJIMASA SAKU

SUKETADA TEN-MON (t: FUJIMASA): TEN-MON 1532 to EI-ROKU 1558. 
           ITAME HADA. MIDARE BA SENGO style. 
    MEI: SEISHU JU SENGO SUKETADA

MASAZANE BUN-GI (f: MURAMASA): Many TANTO. ITAME with MASAME.
        SUGUHA, NOTARE and GUNOME-MIDARE BA in the lower. A 
        slight curve of the NAKAGO has his firmly set, medium 
        stroked MEI. Clean KIRI-YASURI and small KURI-JIRI or 
        slight KENGYO.
    MEI: MASAZANE
         FUJIWARA MASAZANE
         SEISHU KUWANA JU SENGO MASAZANE

SUYENAGA EI-SHO: SEISHU MIE-GORI JU SUYENAGA

MASAIYE TEN-MON: Work from BUN-GI 1501. ITAME with MASAME running.
        HAKO-NOTARE MIDARE, GUNOME-MIDARE separated by valleys.
        TOGARI pulls at the tops. Some drifting SUGU.
    MEI: SEISHU JU MASAIYE

ISE UNRININ Group
\\ARTWORK light-bulb
UNRININ ? - Think TEGAI
_____________________________________
ISE UNRININ BUN-GI: TEGAI KANENAGA(6) - Work from EI-SHO 1504 to
        (URIIN) TEN-MON 1532. MOKUME with MASAME - standing HADA.
        KO-NIE DEKI GUNOME-MIDARE and HITATSURA BA.
    MEI: SEISHU UNRININ JU KANENAGA TSUKURU

KANENAGA(7) TEN-SHO: GUNOME-MIDARE HA.
    MEI: SEISHU UNRININ KANENAGA

________________
UNRININ MASAMORI BUN-MEI 1469: From YAMATO. 
___________|____
UNRININ MASAMORI BUN-GI 1501

UJII BUN-GI: UNRININ. ITAME with MOKUME and MASA on the HA. SUGU
        GUNOME-MIDARE HA and HITATSURA BA.
________________
UNRININ MASAMORI(1) BUN-GI 1501
___________|____
UNRININ MASAMORI(2) TEN-MON 1532
___________|____
UNRININ MASAMORI(3) TEN-SHO 1573

MASAMORI(1) BUN-GI: ANO-GORI. Descendants of TEGAI. SUGUHA and
        GUNOME patterns where the HABUCHI is HOTSURE-swept, a 
        TEGAI mark. Note: SHINTO JI-DAI to MUSASHI.
_____________
MINO KANESADA(2) EI-SHO 1504
________|___
ISE HIROMURA TEN-MON 1532

HIROMURA TEN-MON (t: IZUMI-no-KAMI KANESADA 2): UNRININ. NOTARE 
        and O-GUNOME MIDARE HA.

KANEKORE EI-SHO 1504 - UNRININ in YAMATO
     WASHU UNRININ JU KANEKORE
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